Monthly Archives: January 2014

The HPV vaccine could do even more

EDITOR’S NOTE: The President’s Cancer Panel has released a report that says increasing HPV vaccination is one of the most important opportunities in cancer prevention. The report calls for re-energized efforts to promote vaccination and reach the HPV vaccines’ potential to save lives by preventing avoidable cancers in men and women. It explores underuse of HPV vaccines, identifies key barriers to increasing vaccine uptake, and provides actionable recommendations for overcoming these obstacles. To coincide with the release, here is our recent blog on the subject.

 

By Debbie Saslow, PhD

The HPV vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix) have been recommended for girls in the US for nearly 10 years. They protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes most cases of cervical cancer, and Gardasil also protects against nearly all cases of genital warts. Uptake of HPV vaccination has been slow in this country, though; less than 35% of girls have gotten all 3 recommended doses.

Despite low vaccination rates, we have already seen HPV infections (related to the types of HPV targeted by the vaccines) drop by 56% in the United States. In countries that have higher vaccine rates, there are even larger drops. Indeed, data published last year suggest that higher vaccination rates could reap great benefits.… Continue reading →

The Landmark Surgeon General Report on Smoking and Health, 50 Years Later

By Richard C. Wender, MD

 

Fifty years ago, on January 11, 1964, Luther Terry held a press conference to announce the results of the first Surgeon General’s report on smoking and health, the most impactful public health document in history. The report laid to rest over a decade of debate about the health risks of smoking by definitively stating that smoking causes lung and laryngeal cancer in men, chronic bronchitis, and other diseases.

Research conducted by the American Cancer Society and other groups had already demonstrated the adverse health effects of smoking, but, until the Surgeon General’s report, the tobacco industry had been successful in hiding the truth. The extraordinary methods used by the Surgeon General to ensure that the report was completely unbiased — including allowing the tobacco industry to veto nominees to serve on the panel — the thoroughness of the research, and the clarity of the conclusions, all led to one outcome: the end of the debate about the health risks of smoking and the launch of the true fight to end the use of tobacco products. The progress in the tobacco fight over the past 50 years represents one of the most successful, life-saving public health campaigns in our nation’s history.… Continue reading →